Journal of Nursing Management
Composites Part B: Engineering
Signal Transduct Target Ther
International Journal of Surgery
Cell research
The Lancet. Oncology
The Lancet. Global health
Injectable and photocurable CAR-T cell formulation enhances the anti-tumor activity to melanoma in mice

The chimeric antigen receptor-T cells (CAR-T) therapy, as a novel personalized immunotherapy, has shown prominent clinical efficacy in the treatment of B-cell malignancies. However, the progress in solid tumors was hindered by multiple elements in the tumor immunosuppressive microenvironment. In this study, an injectable and photocurable Gelatin Methacryloyl (GelMA) hydrogel was applied to be a depot of CAR-T cells, thus forming an injectable CAR-T Gelatin Methacryloyl hydrogels Delivery (i-GMD) system. According to our results, CAR-T cells in this system could be normally amplified, sustained released, and play an anti-tumor role in vitro. When compared with local or intravenously injection of CAR-T solution, injection of i-GMD matrix around tumor demonstrated enhanced anti-tumor effect and markedly extended survival of mice. Our research outcomes indicated that this therapeutic strategy might hopefully provide a treatment for patients with unresectable tumors.



West China Hospital, Sichuan University

The minimum number of examined lymph nodes for accurate nodal staging and optimal survival of stage T1-2 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma: A retrospective multicenter cohort with SEER database validation

Background The extent of lymphadenectomy during esophagectomy remains controversial for patients with T1-2 ESCC. The aim of this study was to identify the minimum number of examined lymph node (ELN) for accurate nodal staging and overall survival (OS) of patients with T1-2 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Materials and methods Patients with T1-2 ESCC from three institutes between January 2011 and December 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. The associations of ELN count with nodal migration and OS were evaluated using multivariable models, and visualized by using locally weighted scatterplot smoothing (LOWESS). Chow test was used to determine the structural breakpoints of ELN count. External validation in the SEER database was performed. Results In total, 1537 patients were included. Increased ELNs was associated with an increased likelihood of having positive nodal disease and incremental OS. The minimum numbers of ELNs for accurate nodal staging and optimal survival were 14 and 18 with validation in the SEER database (n = 519), respectively. The prognostic prediction ability of N stage was improved in the group with ≥14 ELNs compared with those with fewer ELNs (iAUC, 0.70 (95%CI 0.66–0.74) versus 0.61(95%CI 0.57–0.65)). The higher prognostic value was found for patients with ≥18 ELNs than those with <18 ELNs (iAUC, 0.78 (95%CI 0.74–0.82) versus 0.73 (95%CI 0.7–0.77)). Conclusion The minimum numbers of ELNs for accurate nodal staging and optimal survival of stage T1-2 ESCC patients were 14 and 18, respectively.


International Journal of Surgery

West China Hospital, Sichuan University

Near-infrared light and redox dual-activatable nanosystems for synergistically cascaded cancer phototherapy with reduced skin photosensitization

Currently, activatable photodynamic therapy (PDT) that is precisely regulated by endogenous or exogenous stimuli to selectively produce cytotoxic reactive oxygen species at the tumor site is urgently in demand. Herein, we fabricated a dual-activatable PDT nanosystem regulated by the redox tumor microenvironment and near-infrared (NIR) light-induced photothermal therapy (PTT). In this study, photosensitizer chlorin e6 (Ce6) was conjugated to hyaluronic acid (HA) via a diselenide bond to form an amphiphilic polymer (HSeC) for loading PTT agent IR780 to produce HSeC/IR nanoparticles (NPs). The photoactivity of Ce6 for PDT was “double-locked” by the aggregation-caused quenching (ACQ) effect and the fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) from Ce6 to IR780 during blood circulation. After selective accumulation into tumors, HSeC/IR NPs were subsequently dissociated due to the “double-key”, which included diselenide bond dissociation under high redox conditions and IR780 degradation upon NIR laser irradiation, resulting in recovering Ce6. In vitro studies indicated that Ce6 photoactivity in HSeC/IR NPs was significantly suppressed when compared with free Ce6 or in HSeC NPs. Moreover, BALB/c mice treated with HSeC/IR NPs displayed distinctly alleviated skin damage during PDT. Synergetic cascaded PTT-PDT with superior tumor suppression was observed in SCC7 tumor-bearing mice. Therefore, the study findings could provide a promising treatment strategy for PTT-facilitated PDT with high antitumor efficacies and reduced skin phototoxicity levels.



West China Hospital, Sichuan University

Transcatheter aortic valve implantation in patients with bicuspid valve morphology: a roadmap towards standardization

Indications for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) have expanded in many countries to include patients with aortic stenosis who are at low surgical risk, and a similar expansion to this cohort is anticipated elsewhere in the world, together with an increase in the proportion of patients with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) morphology as the age of the patients being treated decreases. To date, patients with BAV have been excluded from major randomized trials of TAVI owing to anatomical considerations. As a consequence, BAV has been a relative contraindication to the use of TAVI in international guidelines. Although clinical experience and observational data are accumulating, BAV presents numerous anatomical challenges for successful TAVI, despite advances in device design. Furthermore, in those with BAV, substantial geographical variation exists in patient characteristics, clinical approach and procedural strategy. Therefore, in this Roadmap article, we summarize the existing evidence and provide consensus recommendations from an international group of experts on the application of TAVI in patients with BAV in advance of the anticipated growth in the use of this procedure in this challenging cohort of patients.


Nature Reviews Cardiology

West China Hospital, Sichuan University

A paper-based assay for the colorimetric detection of SARS-CoV-2 variants at single-nucleotide resolution

The evolution of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has highlighted the need for versatile diagnostic assays that can discriminate among emerging variants of the virus. Here we report the development and performance benchmarking of an inexpensive (approximately US$0.30 per test) assay for the rapid (sample-to-answer time within 30 min) colorimetric detection of SARS-CoV-2 variants. The assay, which we integrated into foldable paper strips, leverages nucleic acid strand-displacement reactions, the thermodynamic energy penalty associated with single-base-pair mismatches and the metal-ion-controlled enzymatic cleavage of urea to amplify the recognition of viral RNAs for the colorimetric readout of changes in pH via a smartphone. For 50 throat swab samples, the assay simultaneously detected the presence of SARS-CoV-2 and mutations specific to the SARS-CoV-2 variants Alpha, Beta and Gamma, with 100% concordance with real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and RNA sequencing. Customizable and inexpensive paper-based assays for the detection of viruses and their variants may facilitate viral surveillance.


Nature Biomedical Engineering

West China Hospital, Sichuan University